RELASI KUASA DALAM DUA NOVEL INDONESIA MODERN BERLATAR WABAH

Ahmad Bahtiar, Anas Ahmadi

Abstract


Salah satu bencana yang melanda umat manusia adalah wabah.  Beberapa kali wabah juga dialami bangsa Indonesia. Penelitian kualitatif ini memberikan gambaran wabah dalam sastra Indonesia modern. Data dalam penelitian bersumber dari novel Cerita Calon Arang (Pramodya Ananta Toer, 2003) dan Cerita Nyai Pania (H. Kommer, 2003).  Temuan penelitian  ini menyimpulkan bahwa wabah tersebut tidak hanya  menimbulkan penderitaan tetapi juga kematian banyak orang. Dengan teori feminisme sastra, dapat diungkapkan bawah  wabah  dalam kedua cerita tersebut  merupakan alat perlawanan terhadap hegemoni kekusaaan. Tokoh-tokoh perempuan dalam  dalam kedua cerita  itu, Calon Arang dalam karya Pramodya Ananta Toer dan Nyi Paina dalam karya H. Kommer mengalami permasalahan yang sama yaitu perlakuan yang tidak menyenangkan akibat patriarki. Dengan wabah, Calon Arang membalas dendamnya kepada orang-orang di negara Daha sehingga mereka menderita penyakit kuning yang menyebabkan banyak penderitaan bahkan kematian.  Sedangkan, Nyi Paina melalui penyanyi cacar yang sedang mewabah saat itu membalas dendamnya kepada Tuan Briot yang merupakan representasi penguasa yang sewenang-wenang.

 

Kata Kunci : wabah, Cerita Calon Arang, Tjerita Nji Paina, feminisme

 

Abstract

One of the disasters that hit humanity is the plague. Several times the plague was also experienced by the Indonesian people. This qualitative research provides a picture of the plague in modern Indonesian literature. The data in this study were sourced from the novel Cerita Calon Arang Arang (Pramodya Ananta Toer, 2003) and Tjerita Nyi Paina (H. Kommer, 2003). The findings of this study concluded that the outbreak did not only cause suffering but also the death of many people. With the theory  literature of feminism, it can be revealed that the plague in both stories is an instrument of resistance to the hegemony of power. The female characters in the two stories, Calon Arang in Pramodya's work and Nyi Paina in H. Kommer's work experienced the same problem of unpleasant treatment due to patriarchy. With the plague, Calon Arang took revenge on the people in the country of Daha so they suffered from jaundice which caused much suffering and even death. Meanwhile, Nyi Paina through the smallpox singer who was plagued at that time took revenge on Mr. Briot who was an arbitrary representation of the ruler.

 

Keywords: plague, Cerita Calon Arang, Tjerita Nji Paina, feminism

 


Keywords


plague; Cerita Calon Arang; Nji Paina, Feminism

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/kelasa.v15i2.126

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